Tag Archives: tutorial

Simple tutorial 4 – Composing your image

This tutorial should have appeared among the first ones published…

We want to take a photo, we look at our subject and we press on the trigger. Then we view our images and (how many times!!) we realize some (or sometimes many…) details have passed unnoticed at the time of the shot. For example, a horizon which is not horizontal, somebody whom we did not necessarily want in the image, etc.

Of course, we can resort to cropping or other corrections. On the other hand, the best way to reduce or avoid “post-treatment” remains to take a few seconds more before pressing on the trigger. A few seconds to look at what we see.

It might seem strange to say, but we do not always pay attention on what finds itself in the viewfinder or in our camera screen. Furthermore, these few seconds will save you from invaluable minutes (or hours according to the quantity) once the images are taken and will, without a doubt, bring you better comments. We must take time to compose our image.

To take time to compose our image means:

  1. To make sure that our horizon is straight
  2. To wait for strangers to have moved from behind our subject
  3. To frame our subject “tighter” (more “squeezed up”) to avoid the background distractions
  4. To pay attention to the ambient lighting to avoid getting too much contrast between high and dark portions
  5. To include a foreground, when possible, to add a dimension or depth to our image

Here are a few examples for each number listed above

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5-

   

These are just a few really simple tips that anyone can use in order to improve their images…

Go, and have a great photoshoot !!

Posted in Améliorez vos photos/Improve your pictures, tutorial, tutoriel Also tagged , , |

Cropping (or reframing) an image – Simple tutorial 3

Another way of getting rid of certain “undesirable” elements of a picture might be by cropping, or reframing your photo.

In a few simple steps, in this tutorial, you will see how, with the help of the Windows image editor (Picture manager), we can easily reframe or crop an image.

We must first open an image, then select the image editor, in this case Windows office picture manager, (but any other editor can do juste fine.)

recadrage-crop 1
recadrage-crop 1

2nd step: Clic on “edit pictures”

recadrage-crop 2
recadrage-crop 2
3rd step: Clic on “crop”
recadrage-crop 3
recadrage-crop 3
4th step: Using the “handles”, adjust the sides of the photo
recadrage-crop 4
recadrage-crop 4
5th step: Clic “ok” to record your changes
recadrage-crop 5
recadrage-crop 5
 6th and final step: Save your modified image
(N.B.: it’s always recommended to save your modified image under a new name in order to keep your original photo untouched)
recadrage-crop 6
recadrage-crop 6
Another example…
tutoriel, tutorial
Recadrage – crop – Voilier – sailboat 1
tutoriel, tutorial
Recadrage – crop – Voilier – sailboat 2
That’s it ! Your image is cropped (reframed), the distractions are gone and your photo will most probably be more attractive.
Go, and have a nice photoshoot !!
Posted in Améliorez vos photos/Improve your pictures, tutorial, tutoriel, Tutoriel/Tutorial Also tagged , , |

The depth of field – Simple tutorial 2

We sometimes wonder how to get rid of a background without interest when we take a picture of a person or an animal. On the other hand, we may want to situate our subject in a more general or advantageous environment. To be able to choose this, we need to control the depth of field. This is the area before and behind the subject that will appear sharp and focused on our image.

In ths page, I will try to explain what makes the depth of field (DOF) and how to take profit of it…

N.B.: Nowadays, most of the cameras work in automatic mode. To have a better control over the DOF, the ideal is to use, when available on cameras, the manual mode (“M”) or the aperture priority mode (“Av”).

Based on these settings, you will be able to test more easily the extend of focused and out of focus area in your images.

Here is the explanation:

On the upper line a large aperture value is used (Ex.: f5.6 or f6.3), which give us a focused area relatively short (one tree in front and 2 trees behind the subject in the illustration).

On the second line, a medium aperture (for example: f11 or f14) will give us a wider sharp (or focused) area (2 trees before and 4 trees behind our subject). While on the third line a small aperture (f22 or f32) gives us a clearly larger focused area.

Let’s take a look at what it means on a picture…

Picture taken at an aperture of f6.3, which gives us a DOF of approximately 1 cm.

And now…

Picture taken using an aperture of f32, giving us a DOF of 7 to 8 cm.

For portraits, it’s preferable, when at reasonnable distance from our subject, to use a wide aperture (for example f5.6) to isolate it from the background (the background will then be out of focus).

It’s now up to you to decide if you want to include the environment surrounding your subject or if you want only your subject to be the main attraction of the image.

Go ahead, and have a nice photoshoot !!

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The rule of thirds – Simple tutorial 1

One of the basic principles in photography is the “rule of thirds”. Nothing really complicated, but applying it in your picture taking should help you obtain images that will be more dynamic and interesting to the eye, by drawing the attention towards the main subject.

Let me explain…

You simply need to imagin that the image is divided in 9 squares (either in portrait (vertical) or landscape (horizontal) orientation). So, instead of centering the subject in the middle of the viewer, we will try to place it on one (or more) of the “force lines”. Even better, we can try placing it on one of the four “force points” (junction points where the lines cross eachother).

Tiers 1

Here’s how to visualize the theory based on an image.

Example shown in “portrait” orientation:

And in “landscape”:

See with the next 2 images how the difference is noticeable.

                   

The image on the right is clearly more dynamic, more attractive to the eye. We automatically seem to be focusing on the parachutist.

Of course the rule of thirds can’t be systematically applied to every image you’ll take. For example, portraits or close-ups. But whenever possible, this will, without a doubt, add interest to your pictures. Bien sûr, la règle des tiers n’est pas systématiquement applicable à toutes les images que vous prendrez. Par exemple pour des portraits ou des prises rapprochées. Try it, you’ll see the difference…

Go ahead, and have a nice photoshoot !!

Posted in Améliorez vos photos/Improve your pictures, Tutoriel/Tutorial Also tagged , , |